PANAMA  PRIVATE INVESTIGATORS

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PRIVATE INVESTIGATORS IN LATIN AMERICA, CENTRAL AMERICA, SOUTH AMERICA

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARYShare

 

 

Panama is a multi-party constitutional democracy. In 2009 voters chose Ricardo A. Martinelli Berrocal as president in national elections that international and domestic observers considered generally free and fair. Authorities maintained effective control over the security forces. Security forces did not commit human rights abuses, although cases involving allegations of abuses from the previous year remained unresolved.

The principal human rights abuses were harsh prison conditions, judicial ineffectiveness, and attacks on freedom of expression.

Other human rights abuses reported included prolonged pretrial detention, corruption, violence against women and children, trafficking in persons, and child labor.

The government prosecuted few alleged cases of corruption or abuse of authority by government officials, leaving a widespread perception of impunity.

 

Section 1. Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including Freedom from:Share

 

 

a. Arbitrary or Unlawful Deprivation of Life

 

There were no reports that the government or its agents committed arbitrary or unlawful killings, but there were some killings by security force members in the line of duty.

In October, on the Pan American Highway near the town of San Carlos, police opened fire on a car they mistook for a similar car believed to be driven by escaped convicts. A two-year-old boy and a 15-year-old girl died as a result. Large street protests occurred, with civil society organizations demanding accountability. Although the National Police of Panama (PNP), Ombudsman’s Office, and Attorney General’s Office initiated separate investigations, none resulted in prosecutions or suspensions.

There was no progress in the 2012 killing of three persons in Colon by police attempting to quell protests over a controversial land sale law. The PNP, Ombudsman’s Office, and Attorney General’s Office initiated separate investigations, but by year’s end no prosecutions or suspensions had occurred.

A widely held perception of impunity persisted, as each year investigations were announced but the results were not made public. Law 74 of 2010, which prohibited the arrest of police in cases of unauthorized use of force, was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of Justice in November. The law had been used to grant pardons to an estimated 120 police and to delay other cases.

 

b. Disappearance

 

There were no reports of politically motivated disappearances.

 

c. Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

 

The constitution prohibits such practices, but the Ombudsman’s Office made credible reports that prison facilities engaged in degrading treatment and inhumane punishment. Relatives of inmates at times had to wait in line between 5 a.m. and 3 p.m. outside the prisons to get access for approved visits and were strip-searched before entering. Waiting areas for relatives did not have bathrooms.

Between January and October, the National Police Internal Affairs Office opened 619 disciplinary proceedings against police officers, including 87 for abuse against civilians, 56 for inappropriate conduct, 16 for domestic abuse, four for facilitating evasion from inmates, and other proceedings for the use of excessive force and other abuse. In October the Ombudsman’s Office opened a case for the potential abuse of authority and excessive use of force by two PNP agents in an incident where two minors were killed.

In April the 15th Criminal Court called for the trial of PNP agents Ferdin Gonzalez and Miguel Rivera for physically abusing medical doctor Rafael Perez Castillo in 2011. By the end of November, a trial date had not been set.

 

Prison and Detention Center Conditions

 

Prison conditions remained harsh and in some cases life threatening. Problems included overcrowding, use of police stations as detention facilities, a shortage of prison guards, and inadequate health care.

Physical Conditions: Problems included overcrowding, lack of medical services, lack of potable water, inadequate ventilation, lighting, and sewage treatment. As of September the prison system had an intended capacity of 8,576 persons but held 15,124 prisoners (14,056 male inmates and 1,068 female). In an effort to alleviate overcrowding, during the year the government released 901 inmates who had completed two-thirds of their sentences and released another 101 inmates on parole.

Authorities held men and women, and juveniles and adults, separately. Pretrial detainees shared cells with convicted prisoners due to space constraints, but prison authorities began to separate the two groups during the year. Through September, authorities separated 48 percent of pretrial detainees from convicted prisoners. As of September pretrial detainees were separated from convicted prisoners only in the prisons of Algarrobos, Llano Bonito, and La Chorrera. Although prison conditions for women were generally better than those for men, both populations remained in overcrowded facilities, with poor medical care and lack of basic supplies for personal hygiene. Juvenile pretrial and custodial detention centers also suffered from overcrowding and poor conditions. Inmates had inadequate supervision. There were only 726 prison guards nationwide. Funds to hire 200 new prison guards were approved in June, and by September 125 new prison guards were hired and in training. In all prisons inmates complained of limited time outside cells and limited access for family members. Small jails attached to local police stations sometimes held prisoners for days or weeks, and police officers who guarded them lacked the necessary custodial training to prevent abuses.

Prison medical care was inadequate due to lack of personnel and medical resources. The Office of the Ombudsman reported that there were three physicians at the La Joya-La Joyita complex, one in the women’s prison, one in the Colon prison, one in El Renacer, and one in Tinajitas. Clinics within La Joya and La Joyita prisons provided first-aid assistance but lacked the capacity to attend to serious medical problems. Between January and June, there were 20,026 cases of medical assistance to inmates nationwide, compared with 37,453 during all of 2012. La Joyita had a 60-bed clinic, but it remained underused due to the lack of guards to watch ill detainees. In many cases authorities transferred patients to public clinics instead, but there often were difficulties arranging for transportation of the inmates to public clinics. Only one ambulance was in service. HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and other communicable diseases were common among the prison population. Between January and September, an estimated 45 percent of medical appointments were missed due to a lack of escorts from the National Police. Of the 167 complaints by prisoners to the Office of the Ombudsman as of November, the overwhelming majority were related to poor or inadequate medical attention or problems with the transportation system to attend medical appointments.

As of November four inmates were killed in inmate-on-inmate violence in prisons, five died of HIV, five died of heart attacks, two died from tuberculosis, one died of cancer, and five died of natural causes.

As of September, 3,904 inmates were enrolled in education programs inside and outside the prisons, and 1,829 worked inside and outside the prisons. The system continued to apply the “2x1” reduction in time served (one day reduced for each two days of work or study).

Administration: The Ministry of Government oversees all prisons in the country through the National Directorate of the Penitentiary System (DGSP). The law governing the penitentiary system does not address promotion by meritocracy and lacks a career development plan as well as a salary scale. During the year the government raised the salary for prison guards from 500 balboas ($500) to 690 balboas ($690) a month, but as of September the Ombudsman’s Office could not confirm if the increase had gone into effect. In the first nine months of the year, the DGSP fired five prison guards for corruption or administrative errors and suspended two prison guards pending investigations. A hearing scheduled for October by the Second Criminal Court for 12 persons (nine police, two civilian prison guards, and the Juvenile Center director) facing trial over a 2011 fire in the juvenile detention center was postponed pending a Supreme Court ruling.

A software update for prison recordkeeping was operational in three prisons (La Chorrera, Llano Marin, and La Joyita); the rest of the prisons used an older version. Judges may order probation as an alternative to sentencing for nonviolent juvenile offenders. During the year judges placed 551 nonviolent juvenile offenders on probation, which required psychological counseling, regular school attendance, and regular meetings with a social worker. Eleven juvenile offenders had been granted house arrest as of December. The new accusatory justice system, active in four provinces at year’s end, includes provisions for plea bargaining and thus reduces imprisonment of nonviolent adult offenders (see section 1.e.).

The 2011 pilot program for electronic monitoring for nonviolent pretrial inmates was suspended during the year. The devices were being repurposed for enforcement of the new femicide law, which stipulates that bracelets are required to enforce restraining orders.

Prisoners could submit complaints to judicial authorities without censorship and request investigation of credible allegations of inhumane conditions, but authorities did not document the results of such investigations in a publicly accessible manner. The Ombudsman’s Office negotiated and petitioned on behalf of prisoners and received complaints about prison conditions. The Ombudsman’s Office also conducted weekly prison visits, and the government generally did not monitor its meetings with prisoners. As of November the Ombudsman’s Office had received one complaint of physical abuse committed by a PNP agent.

Prisoners at most facilities had reasonable access to visitors and could observe their religious practices. The Catholic nongovernmental organization (NGO) Justice and Peace made regular visits and reported unobstructed access by various church groups of different faiths. Authorities limited prison access for religious groups to a maximum of two religious representatives at a time and required them to submit an annual action plan to justify access to prisoners.

Independent Monitoring: The government permitted prison monitoring by independent nongovernmental observers, including a UN Office on Drugs and Crime delegation, who subsequently issued a comprehensive report on corruption within the prison system. In October the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) held a hearing to address problems with overcrowding, illegal conduct, and lengthy detentions in the country’s prisons.

Improvements: The government took several steps to improve prison and detention center conditions. To improve recordkeeping, it installed a new software program in three prisons that includes comprehensive information on every inmate, including data on legal status, hearing, and sentencing dates. The judicial branch, however, was not connected to the penitentiary system’s database, which delayed submissions of paperwork required for scheduling hearings.

As of September, 260 prison guards and 63 percent of the administrative staff had received training on penitentiary law, human rights, women’s issues, the new accusatory system, and the Tokyo, Bangkok, and Torture conventions at the Penitentiary Training Academy, in collaboration with the School of Human Rights of the Ombudsman’s Office and prosecutors from the Public Ministry.

 

d. Arbitrary Arrest or Detention

 

The law prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention, and the government generally observed these prohibitions.

 

Role of the Police and Security Apparatus

 

The country has no regular military forces. The PNP is responsible for internal law enforcement and public order. Civilian authorities in the Ministry of Public Security maintained effective control over all police, investigative, border, air, and maritime forces in the country. The government has mechanisms to investigate and punish abuse and corruption, but impunity was a problem.

Various laws limit use of force. One requires that police respect human rights and prohibits torture, cruelty, or other inhumane or degrading behavior. Law 74 of 2010 prohibits detention or any internal discipline against police accused of using excessive force prior to a conviction. In 2012 a unanimous ruling by the Supreme Court, ruling on a specific challenge, declared the application of the latter law in one specific case invalid, but at year’s end the law remained in effect.

 

Arrest Procedures and Treatment of Detainees

 

The Prosecutor’s Office issues arrest warrants based on evidence. The law provides for suspects to be brought promptly before a judge, but lack of prompt arraignment continued to be a problem except in the judicial districts operating under the new accusatory justice system, where lack of prompt arraignment would void the arrest. The law requires arresting officers to inform detainees immediately of the reasons for arrest or detention and of the right to immediate legal counsel. The law provides for bail, and while a functioning bail system exists for a limited number of crimes, it was largely unused for the majority of cases processed under the old inquisitorial system, which remained in effect in half of the judicial districts. Under the inquisitorial system, most bail proceedings are at the discretion of the Prosecutor’s Office and cannot be independently initiated by detainees or their legal counsel. Detainees gained prompt access to legal counsel and family members, and the government provided indigent defendants with a lawyer.

The law prohibits police from detaining suspects for more than 48 hours without judicial authorization but permits the detention of minors for 72 hours. By law under the inquisitorial system, the preliminary investigation phase of detention may last from eight days to two months, and the follow-up investigation phase can last another two to four months, depending on the number of suspects.

Arbitrary Arrest: Police generally apprehended persons openly and did not practice arbitrary or secret arrest and detention.

Pretrial Detention: The government regularly imprisoned inmates under the inquisitorial system for more than a year before a judge’s pretrial hearing, and in some cases pretrial detention exceeded the minimum sentence for the alleged crime, largely because of judicial inefficiency and the use of a written inquisitorial system. As of September, according to government statistics, 64 percent of prisoners were pretrial detainees. Under the inquisitorial system, inmates wait approximately one year in pretrial detention, although there were cases of a two-year waiting period. Courts in the four provinces that began to use the accusatorial system reported a decreased case backlog as one result of the new system, with case processing times falling 85 percent. Communication among authorities improved during the year, and new procedural systems were implemented to maintain the schedule of hearings.

In 2012 authorities closed down the La Palma prison in the Darien and transferred inmates to La Joya prison in Panama City, but during the year the La Palma prison temporarily held inmates when they were originally arrested. Transfer to La Joya or La Joyita was slow. As of September, 28 persons were held in La Palma. The prison had two cells with poor ventilation. Previous conflicts about jurisdiction for cases involving inmates from the Darien were resolved: cases would continue to be heard in Darien courts, and inmates would be transported there from Panama City for their hearings.

In October the government passed Law 77 mandating that individuals in preventive detention be kept in prisons located within the province or legal district where the alleged crime was committed. The law did not apply to individuals facing charges of money laundering, trafficking in persons, crimes against national security, or crimes against humanity.

 

e. Denial of Fair Public Trial

 

The law provides for an independent judiciary; however, the judicial system was inefficient and susceptible to corruption and outside influence, and it faced allegations of manipulation by the executive branch.

The Directorate of Judicial Investigation, under PNP administrative control, provides investigative services to the judicial system. At the local level, mayors appoint administrative judges (corregidores) who exercise jurisdiction over minor civil cases and the arrest and imposition of fines or jail sentences of up to one year. Outside of Panama City, this system had serious shortcomings. Such judges usually had no legal training or other pertinent expertise. Defendants lacked adequate procedural safeguards. Appeal procedures were generally nonexistent. Affluent defendants often paid fines, while poorer defendants faced incarceration.

 

Trial Procedures

 

The law provides that all citizens charged with crimes enjoy a presumption of innocence and have the right to counsel, to refrain from incriminating themselves or close relatives, and to be tried only once for a given offense. If not under pretrial detention, the accused may be present with counsel during the investigative phase of proceedings.

In 2012 the government implemented the new code of criminal procedure (designed to transition the country from an inquisitorial to an accusatory system of justice) in the provinces of Los Santos and Herrera. The new system was first installed in Veraguas and Cocle provinces in 2011. The government budgeted 38 million balboas ($38 million) for the four-phase implementation process, pending since 2009, which was expected to conclude in 2014. In February the National Assembly voted to delay implementation of the two remaining phases for two more years, until 2015 and 2016, respectively, while leaving the new accusatory system intact in the already-implemented districts. The system, which aims to expedite justice, includes three components: prosecutorial investigation overseen by a guarantee judge whose responsibility is to ensure due process, an indictment request by the prosecutor, and oral trials before a panel of three judges.

Under the inquisitorial judicial system, which was in force in all but four provinces, trials are open to the public. The law provides for trial by jury if the defendant so chooses, but only if one of the charges is murder. Judges may order the presence of pretrial detainees for providing or expanding upon statements or for confronting witnesses. Trials are conducted on the basis of evidence presented by the public prosecutor. Defendants have the right to be present at trial and to consult with an attorney in a timely manner. Defendants may confront or question adverse witnesses and present their own witnesses and evidence. Defendants and their attorneys have access to relevant government-held evidence. Defendants have a right of appeal. The law extends these rights to all citizens, and the judiciary generally enforced them.

The law obliges the government to provide public defenders for the indigent. In many cases public defenders received the case late in the investigation, after the prosecutor had evaluated most of the evidence and decided to recommend trial. There were no well-established procedures under the inquisitorial system for defenders to challenge the admissibility of evidence.

During the year the mobile court program was reduced as judges agreed to hold more video hearings to help decongest the system. Rooms were equipped for video hearings in La Joya, La Joyita, La Chorrera, and San Miguelito. The Colon video hearing room did not operate due to lack of technical staff to manage the equipment. Additionally, three video hearing rooms were operational at the Panama City main court building for inmates detained in other provinces. Transfer of prisoners took place only for murder charges or for court hearings in Colon and Darien provinces. The judicial branch reported approximately 12 hearings per month in those provinces.

From January through September, 2,247 video hearings were scheduled in the province of Panama; 1,417 actually took place. The remaining 830 hearings did not occur due to the absence of defendants’ lawyers.

 

Political Prisoners and Detainees

 

There were no reports of political prisoners or detainees.

 

Civil Judicial Procedures and Remedies

 

The constitution and the judicial code establish an independent judiciary in civil matters. Alleged political manipulation of the judicial system remained a problem, and bureaucratic delay hindered access to judicial and administrative remedies in some court cases. Problems continued in enforcement of domestic court orders.

 

f. Arbitrary Interference with Privacy, Family, Home, or Correspondence

 

The law prohibits such actions, and the government generally respected these prohibitions. The Public Ministry maintained representatives in each PNP division to approve searches, and they approved numerous searches during the year.

The law also sets forth requirements for conducting wiretap surveillance. It denies prosecutors authority to order wiretaps on their own and requires judicial oversight. During the year several citizens claimed to have been wiretapping targets after making statements critical of the government.

 

Section 2. Respect for Civil Liberties, Including:Share

 

 

a. Freedom of Speech and Press

 

The constitution provides for freedom of speech and press, but there were some attempts by the government to impede the media’s freedom of expression and silence criticism of public officials.

Freedom of Speech: An August report by the Panamanian Journalists Union noted 43 cases dealing with limits or threats to free speech during the first eight months of the year. Of the most recent 24 cases filed, 20 involved threats made by political or judicial powers. These threats generally took the form of public insults and harsh critiques against media outlets or individual reporters for stories that were unfavorable to the government.

Violence and Harassment: A few minor incidents involving unnecessarily rough and sometimes arbitrary detention of credentialed members of the press by security officials were reported. In June two TVN-Channel 2 journalists were detained for filming outside the National Security Council (NSC) headquarters, which according to NSC “put the nation’s security at risk.” The executive secretary of the Union of Panamanian Journalists was alerted and appeared on site. While filming with his cell phone, he claimed he was physically assaulted by the NSC secretary and other NSC members. Two journalists reported being detained by police while working on stories just outside Panama City and in Colon.

In June a court found five defendants guilty of the murder of Dario Fernandez Jaen and convicted them to sentences from 33 to 41 years in prison. Fernandez Jaen, owner of regional radio station Radio Mi Favorita and former governor of Cocle province, was shot and killed in front of his house in 2011 for reporting on corrupt land deals.

Censorship or Content Restrictions: The IACHR, the Inter American Press Association, the NGO Reporters without Borders, and other groups criticized government efforts to censor the press. The Forum of Journalists and the Union of Panamanian Journalists claimed that there was a reduction of access to official information, specifically for journalists who published or reported on stories critical of the government. Examples of the reduction of access included the cancellation of scheduled interviews and the subsequent refusal by cabinet ministers and the government’s secretary of communications to participate in news programs on TVN-Channel 2 or Radio Panama’s Sin Rodeos program. Additionally, during an October 10 TV interview on Telemetro, President Martinelli admitted to ordering people in his administration not to answer questions from La Prensa’s journalists.

Libel Laws/National Security: In February the Supreme Court ruled in favor of journalists Sabrina Bacal and Justino Gonzalez, declaring them innocent of libel and slander charges filed in 2005. According to the Supreme Court magistrate, the information made public by journalists Bacal and Gonzalez was correct and was based on an investigation made by the NSC. Additionally, the judge ruled that there was no malicious intent with its publication.

 

Internet Freedom

 

There were no government restrictions on access to the internet, but there were anecdotal reports that the government monitored private e-mails without appropriate legal authority. The International Telecommunication Union reported that in 2012 there were 1.6 million internet users in the country, representing 45 percent of the total population.

 

Academic Freedom and Cultural Events

 

There were no government restrictions on academic freedom or cultural events.

 

b. Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association

 

The law provides for freedom of assembly and association, and the government generally respected these rights. Nevertheless, police at times used force to disperse demonstrators, especially when highways or streets were blocked. The law states that anyone who, through use of violence, impedes the transit of vehicles on public roads or causes damage to public or private property may be sentenced to imprisonment for six to 24 months.

 

c. Freedom of Religion

 

See the Department of State’s International Religious Freedom Report at www.state.gov/j/drl/irf/rpt.

 

d. Freedom of Movement, Internally Displaced Persons, Protection of Refugees, and Stateless Persons

 

The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights, except in Darien province. The government generally cooperated with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to refugees, persons under temporary humanitarian protection (THP), asylum seekers, and other persons of concern. The UNHCR had a unit dedicated to Panama within its regional office.

In 2012 the government established a National Working Group under the leadership of the National Office for the Protection of Refugees (ONPAR) with the participation of the UNHCR, which provides technical support for handling cases of asylum seekers and refugees. ONPAR’s main office was located in the capital. Additionally, three ONPAR employees maintained a presence in different regions of the Darien province and one on the border with Costa Rica.

In-country Movement: The government generally permitted freedom of movement for recognized refugees and asylum seekers; however, it restricted the freedom of movement of Colombian citizens living in the Darien region bordering Colombia under the THP regime. These individuals could leave those locations only with special temporary permits issued by ONPAR.

 

 

Section 4. Corruption and Lack of Transparency in GovernmentShare

 

 

The law provides criminal penalties for official corruption, but the government generally did not implement these laws effectively. There were allegations that government officials engaged in corrupt practices with impunity. Corruption remained a problem in the executive, judicial, and legislative branches as well as in the security forces.

Anticorruption mechanisms such as asset forfeiture, whistleblower and witness protection, plea bargaining, and professional conflict-of-interest rules existed. Although the law provides for judicial appointments through a merit-based system, civil society groups maintained that political influence and undue interference by higher-level judges undermined the system.

Corruption: In April the government passed Law 33 to upgrade the National Transparency Council against Corruption to the National Authority for Transparency and Access to Public Information (ANTAI). ANTAI combats and investigates government corruption and was headed by anticorruption czar Abigail Benzadon. Civil society groups continued to criticize ANTAI for not operating effectively and independently. ANTAI appeared to be adequately resourced.

In September the local chapter of Transparency International reported that the government had made little progress in its fight against corruption, specifically in cases involving potential conflict of interests and free access to public information. The report highlighted the lack of regulation for prohibitions and incompatibilities that should be enforced for all elected authorities, the lack of norms for penalties due to unapproved absences from work by elected authorities, and the lack of regulation on the use of public resources.

Corruption and a lack of accountability among police officers continued to be a problem.

In February the government fired and filed extortion charges against three employees from the National Revenue Directorate, including the Veraguas province regional director Rolando Rosas. The employees were caught in a sting operation attempting to extract payments from Asian business owners. Under the criminal accusatory system in place in Veraguas, the guarantee judge imposed house arrest on the three employees. In March the Appeal Court overruled the guarantee judge’s decision and granted bail. The individuals must report to the court every 15 days until a trial date is set.

In May the 12th Criminal Court sentenced former minister of education Belgis Castro to three years’ imprisonment for embezzlement of 153,000 balboas ($153,000) in Panama City. Castro’s lawyers filed an appeal. Castro continued to face embezzlement charges in seven other cases in different provinces.

In August, following pressure from civil society, the National Assembly dismissed Ombudswoman Patria Portugal based on Public Ministry charges of mismanagement of public funds. Portugal was replaced in September by lawyer Lilia Herrera Mow to finish Portugal’s term.

Whistleblower Protection: Draft legislation was introduced in July to guarantee protection for whistleblowers.

Financial Disclosure: The law requires certain executive and judicial branch officials to submit a financial disclosure statement with the Comptroller General’s Office. Officials must report tax returns, bank accounts, outstanding debts, and organization memberships. The information is not made public. Authorities place criminal charges only in cases of illicit gain, although officials have their salaries withheld if they do not file.

Public Access to Information: The law provides for public access to information about public entities, with the exception of cabinet meeting minutes. The government often, but not always, responded to inquiries for information. Most such requests came from lawyers. Denials of information can be appealed to the Supreme Court, and journalists generally made use of this recourse. Deadlines are 30 days, and there are no processing fees. There are sanctions for noncompliance, primarily fines. There was minimal public outreach or training on freedom of information laws and procedures.

The government made a commitment to publishing public information on official websites. Many government ministries and agencies, however, did not update their sites, and statistics or other information were often more than one year old or unavailable.

 

 

 

Section 7. Worker Rights

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Call a Panama City Beach Private Investigator from our spy shops and detective agency for information on bug detection or detecting phone tapping, electronic eavesdropping, taps, bugging devices / tap detectors, anti wiretapping / sweeping, countermeasure equipment and Real time Vehicle GPS tracker sale or rental info.

If you live in Panama City Beach and are tired of feeling “paranoid”…our Panama City Beach Private Detectives can investigate for you ! If you are concerned about having a Panama City Beach cheating spouse, cheating boyfriend, cheating girlfriend or cheating lover at home, this is the time to investigate that spouse. Our undercover detectives and spies know the signs of infidelity and can get the proof of cheating or extramarital affair in your relationship. All Panama City Beach Cheating Spouse Investigators understand that a spouse needs to obtain spousal infidelity evidence when it happens.. Some Panama City Beach Cheaters are more difficult to catch than other cheaters; however, our Panama City Beach Matrimonial Investigators investigate cheating wives, husbands, spouses, girlfriends and boyfriends who are cheating on their partners constantly. We have investigator experts experienced at catching cheating spouses who commit matrimonial infidelity and adultery.

Private Investigator Panama City Beach

Why continue the agony! Investigate marital infidelity to regain your peace of mind. If you have doubts regarding your marriage or relationship, it is best to hire a Panama City Beach private investigator or Panama City Beach spousal surveillance investigator to confirm your spouse is a cheater. Our Panama City Beach Detectives will confirm if your spouse is cheating, husband is unfaithful or wife is cheating or having a marital affair at work. Get the peace you deserve with a Panama City Beach Private Investigator. Our Panama City Beach detective will stop the cheating with infidelity surveillance proof and evidence of the spouse cheating with his or her lover. You have the right to know the truth. Stop living in fear. Whenever you suspect that you have a cheating spouse or significant other who is cheating in the marriage or relationship…give a Panama City Beach Infidelity Investigator a call before you confront them or take them to court.

Infidelity investigation Panama City Beach – Infidelity Surveillance can be taken to court if you need. But please understand that a Panama City Beach Spousal Investigation is usually more difficult than the average case.. Therefore, do not trust any Panama City Beach Private Investigator that is not a matrimonial infidelity investigator. If you suspect your girl friend, boyfriend, lover, fiancée, date, sex partner, ex girlfriend, ex boyfriend or mistress of being unfaithful…., give our Matrimonial Investigators a call and you won’t be disappointed. Panama City Beach detective Services will assist you in determining if you have a cheating spouse , cheating husband ,cheating wife , cheating girlfriend at home. Verify adultery or matrimonial – marital infidelity before it is too late. Put a stop to the cheating spouses with infidelity investigation services. All consultations are always discreet… Take the time to call our Panama City Beach private Investigators for marital infidelity investigations or premarital surveillance service before you marry and make a lifelong mistake. Investigate the cheater now…hire a Panama City Beach Cheating Spouse Investigator and put an end to the lies from the unfaithful cheater after we uncover the affair. Our PI rates are reasonable when compared to any other detectives or Panama City Beach Detective Agency. We work together with the best Panama City Beach Divorce Attorneys and Family lawyers in Panama City Beach Florida.

Our Panama City Beach Detective Services are the best…No other…Panama City Beach Detective Agency can match our discretion and cost effective services. Get the facts today…Our investigators understand your personal concerns when you have to deal with investigating marital infidelity in the relationship. That is why our Detective Agency helps all spouses requiring Panama City Beach Cheating Spouse Investigation services, spousal surveillance or marital infidelity investigations. Do not let your significant other continue to cheat or lie. Our Investigative services can assist you in getting the solid truth so you can regain your peace of mind by way of our Panama City Beach Cheating Spouse Investigation services.

If you suspect a spouse is cheating or loved one is being a victim of cheaters…Contact our Panama City Beach Cheating Spouse Investigator fast.

DETECTIVE SERVICE PANAMA CITY BEACH

Panama City Beach Investigation services – Our client’s can always expect professional and confidential detective services not found by other local detective agencies in Panama City Beach Florida. Our company employs former law enforcement personnel and investigators with an extensive background in domestic, civil and infidelity investigation services…among other cases.
All of our Panama City Beach Detectives and Investigators offer complete discretion and confidentiality and always sign a strict confidentially agreement prior to investigating any person. Give us a try and start your investigation with our PI firm…Hire a Panama City Beach Investigator

 

Panama City Private Investigators Panama City Detectives

 

The Panama City Private Investigator and licensed Panama City Detectives from our Panama City Detective Agency are usually hired for Panama City Cheating Spouse Investigation, Panama City Child Custody Investigation, Panama City Claim investigation, and Panama City infidelity investigation, theft, background checks and other Panama City Investigation Services. Get the proof!

Contact our Panama City Detectives now for Panama City Investigators (Investigador Privado Panama City).

The Panama City Investigator can investigate Civil, Criminal, Domestic and insurance fraud investigations and workers compensation investigations…..Some common services include; Video Surveillance, GPS vehicle Tracking, Computer monitoring, GPS tracking, hidden nanny cameras, audio surveillance, infidelity photography, written or recorded statements, locate people, home bug sweep, matrimonial surveillance, and other Panama City investigation services.. Our Investigators are all insured and licensed by the State of Florida to conduct investigative service in Florida.

Our Panama City Investigators also offer the following Panama City Detective Services; Panama City child custody investigations, neglect, / abuse, personal injury, Panama City workers comp surveillance, slip and fall investigations, corporate theft and installation of hidden cameras.

Panama City Matrimonial Spouse Surveillance Panama City Premarital Investigation Service Panama City Video surveillance Alimony and Cohabitation and other Panama City Private Investigations…..Stop being blinded by your feelings and emotions ! Hire our Panama City detective Agency and move on with your life after obtaining the facts. We have experts at investigating Cheating spouse / cheaters, marital infidelity, unfaithful spouse, committing adultery, having an affair, cheating wife or husband. We understand that Spouse infidelity is a very sensitive topic for a spouse and that it is a very frustrating experience. That is why the Panama City Infidelity private Investigators at our Panama City Private Detective Agency have matrimonial consultants and video surveillance experts / detectives to help you investigate the fidelity of the relationship or the marriage.

Our Panama City Detectives can easily investigate domestic, civil and cheating spouse investigation cases. We also have Panama City Insurance Fraud Investigators, Panama City Workers Compensation Investigators, Panama City Insurance Claim Investigator and undercover private eyes / PI’s.
Furthermore we can investigate matters involving; intellectual property infringement
workplace surveillance, nursing home abuse, cellular phone searches, cell phone trace, telephone Searches, forensic computer service, tscm – technical surveillance counter measures, premises liability, auto liability investigation, personal injury investigation and more.
Call a Panama City Private Investigator from our spy shops and detective agency for information on bug detection or detecting phone tapping, electronic eavesdropping, taps, bugging devices / tap detectors, anti wiretapping / sweeping, countermeasure equipment and Real time Vehicle GPS tracker sale or rental info.

If you live in Panama City and are tired of feeling “paranoid”…our Panama City Private Detectives can investigate for you ! If you are concerned about having a Panama City cheating spouse, cheating boyfriend, cheating girlfriend or cheating lover at home, this is the time to investigate that spouse. Our undercover detectives and spies know the signs of infidelity and can get the proof of cheating or extramarital affair in your relationship. All Panama City Cheating Spouse Investigators understand that a spouse needs to obtain spousal infidelity evidence when it happens.. Some Panama City Cheaters are more difficult to catch than other cheaters; however, our Panama City Matrimonial Investigators investigate cheating wives, husbands, spouses, girlfriends and boyfriends who are cheating on their partners constantly. We have investigator experts experienced at catching cheating spouses who commit matrimonial infidelity and adultery.

Private Investigator Panama City

Why continue the agony! Investigate marital infidelity to regain your peace of mind. If you have doubts regarding your marriage or relationship, it is best to hire a Panama City private investigator or Panama City spousal surveillance investigator to confirm your spouse is a cheater. Our Panama City Detectives will confirm if your spouse is cheating, husband is unfaithful or wife is cheating or having a marital affair at work. Get the peace you deserve with a Panama City Private Investigator. Our Panama City detective will stop the cheating with infidelity surveillance proof and evidence of the spouse cheating with his or her lover. You have the right to know the truth. Stop living in fear. Whenever you suspect that you have a cheating spouse or significant other who is cheating in the marriage or relationship…give a Panama City Infidelity Investigator a call before you confront them or take them to court.

Infidelity investigation Panama City – Infidelity Surveillance can be taken to court if you need. But please understand that a Panama City Spousal Investigation is usually more difficult than the average case.. Therefore, do not trust any Panama City Private Investigator that is not a matrimonial infidelity investigator. If you suspect your girl friend, boyfriend, lover, fiancée, date, sex partner, ex girlfriend, ex boyfriend or mistress of being unfaithful…., give our Matrimonial Investigators a call and you won’t be disappointed. Panama City detective Services will assist you in determining if you have a cheating spouse , cheating husband ,cheating wife , cheating girlfriend at home. Verify adultery or matrimonial – marital infidelity before it is too late. Put a stop to the cheating spouses with infidelity investigation services. All consultations are always discreet… Take the time to call our Panama City private Investigators for marital infidelity investigations or premarital surveillance service before you marry and make a lifelong mistake. Investigate the cheater now…hire a Panama City Cheating Spouse Investigator and put an end to the lies from the unfaithful cheater after we uncover the affair. Our PI rates are reasonable when compared to any other detectives or Panama City Detective Agency. We work together with the best Panama City Divorce Attorneys and Family lawyers in Panama City Florida.

Our Panama City Detective Services are the best…No other…Panama City Detective Agency can match our discretion and cost effective services. Get the facts today…Our investigators understand your personal concerns when you have to deal with investigating marital infidelity in the relationship. That is why our Detective Agency helps all spouses requiring Panama City Cheating Spouse Investigation services, spousal surveillance or marital infidelity investigations. Do not let your significant other continue to cheat or lie. Our Investigative services can assist you in getting the solid truth so you can regain your peace of mind by way of our Panama City Cheating Spouse Investigation services.

If you suspect a spouse is cheating or loved one is being a victim of cheaters…Contact our Panama City Cheating Spouse Investigator fast.

DETECTIVE SERVICE PANAMA CITY

Panama City Investigation services – Our client’s can always expect professional and confidential detective services not found by other local detective agencies in Panama City Florida. Our company employs former law enforcement personnel and investigators with an extensive background in domestic, civil and infidelity investigation services…among other cases.
All of our Panama City Detectives and Investigators offer complete discretion and confidentiality and always sign a strict confidentially agreement prior to investigating any person. Give us a try and start your investigation with our PI firm…Hire a Panama City Investigator

Panamá Private Investigators Panamá Detectives

 

The Panamá Private Investigator and licensed Panamá Detectives from our Panamá Detective Agency are usually hired for Panamá Cheating Spouse Investigation, Panamá Child Custody Investigation, Panamá Claim investigation, and Panamá infidelity investigation, theft, background checks and other Panamá Investigation Services. Get the proof!

Contact our Panamá Detectives now for Panamá Investigators (Investigador Privado Panamá).

The Panamá Investigator can investigate Civil, Criminal, Domestic and insurance fraud investigations and workers compensation investigations…..Some common services include; Video Surveillance, GPS vehicle Tracking, Computer monitoring, GPS tracking, hidden nanny cameras, audio surveillance, infidelity photography, written or recorded statements, locate people, home bug sweep, matrimonial surveillance, and other Panamá investigation services.. Our Investigators are all insured and licensed.
Our Panamá Investigators also offer the following Panamá Detective Services; Panamá child custody investigations, neglect, / abuse, personal injury, Panamá workers comp surveillance, slip and fall investigations, corporate theft and installation of hidden cameras.

Panamá Matrimonial Spouse Surveillance Panamá Premarital Investigation Service Panamá Video surveillance Alimony and Cohabitation and other Panamá Private Investigations…..Stop being blinded by your feelings and emotions ! Hire our Panamá detective Agency and move on with your life after obtaining the facts. We have experts at investigating Cheating spouse / cheaters, marital infidelity, unfaithful spouse, committing adultery, having an affair, cheating wife or husband. We understand that Spouse infidelity is a very sensitive topic for a spouse and that it is a very frustrating experience. That is why the Panamá Infidelity private Investigators at our Panamá Private Detective Agency have matrimonial consultants and video surveillance experts / detectives to help you investigate the fidelity of the relationship or the marriage.

Our Panamá Detectives can easily investigate domestic, civil and cheating spouse investigation cases. We also have Panamá Insurance Fraud Investigators, Panamá Workers Compensation Investigators, Panamá Insurance Claim Investigator and undercover private eyes / PI’s.
Furthermore we can investigate matters involving; intellectual property infringement
workplace surveillance, nursing home abuse, cellular phone searches, cell phone trace, telephone Searches, forensic computer service, tscm – technical surveillance counter measures, premises liability, auto liability investigation, personal injury investigation and more.
Call a Panamá Private Investigator from our spy shops and detective agency for information on bug detection or detecting phone tapping, electronic eavesdropping, taps, bugging devices / tap detectors, anti wiretapping / sweeping, countermeasure equipment and Real time Vehicle GPS tracker sale or rental info.

If you live in Panamá and are tired of feeling “paranoid”, our Panamá Private Detectives can investigate for you! If you are concerned about having a Panamá cheating spouse, cheating boyfriend, cheating girlfriend or cheating lover at home, this is the time to investigate that spouse. Our undercover detectives and spies know the signs of infidelity and can get the proof of cheating or extramarital affair in your relationship. All Panamá Cheating Spouse Investigators understand that a spouse needs to obtain spousal infidelity evidence when it happens. Some Panamá Cheaters are more difficult to catch than other cheaters; however, our Panamá Matrimonial Investigators investigate cheating wives, husbands, spouses, girlfriends and boyfriends who are cheating on their partners constantly. We have investigator experts experienced at catching cheating spouses who commit matrimonial infidelity and adultery.

Private Investigator Panamá

Why continue the agony! Investigate marital infidelity to regain your peace of mind. If you have doubts regarding your marriage or relationship, it is best to hire a Panamá private investigator or Panamá spousal surveillance investigator to confirm your spouse is a cheater. Our Panamá Detectives will confirm if your spouse is cheating, husband is unfaithful or wife is cheating or having a marital affair at work. Get the peace you deserve with a Panamá Private Investigator. Our Panamá detective will stop the cheating with infidelity surveillance proof and evidence of the spouse cheating with his or her lover. You have the right to know the truth. Stop living in fear. Whenever you suspect that you have a cheating spouse or significant other who is cheating in the marriage or relationship…give a Panamá Infidelity Investigator a call before you confront them or take them to court.

Infidelity investigation Panamá – Infidelity Surveillance can be taken to court if you need. But please understand that a Panamá Spousal Investigation is usually more difficult than the average case.. Therefore, do not trust any Panamá Private Investigator that is not a matrimonial infidelity investigator. If you suspect your girl friend, boyfriend, lover, fiancée, date, sex partner, ex girlfriend, ex boyfriend or mistress of being unfaithful…., give our Matrimonial Investigators a call and you won’t be disappointed. Panamá detective Services will assist you in determining if you have a cheating spouse , cheating husband ,cheating wife , cheating girlfriend at home. Verify adultery or matrimonial – marital infidelity before it is too late. Put a stop to the cheating spouses with infidelity investigation services. All consultations are always discreet… Take the time to call our Panamá private Investigators for marital infidelity investigations or premarital surveillance service before you marry and make a lifelong mistake. Investigate the cheater now…hire a Panamá Cheating Spouse Investigator and put an end to the lies from the unfaithful cheater after we uncover the affair. Our PI rates are reasonable when compared to any other detectives or Panamá Detective Agency. We work together with the best Panamá Divorce Attorneys and Family lawyers in Panamá Florida.

Our Panamá Detective Services are the best…No other…Panamá Detective Agency can match our discretion and cost effective services. Get the facts today…Our investigators understand your personal concerns when you have to deal with investigating marital infidelity in the relationship. That is why our Detective Agency helps all spouses requiring Panamá Cheating Spouse Investigation services, spousal surveillance or marital infidelity investigations. Do not let your significant other continue to cheat or lie. Our Investigative services can assist you in getting the solid truth so you can regain your peace of mind by way of our Panamá Cheating Spouse Investigation services.

If you suspect a spouse is cheating or loved one is being a victim of cheaters…Contact our Panamá Cheating Spouse Investigator fast.

DETECTIVE SERVICE PANAMÁ

Panamá Investigation services – Our client’s can always expect professional and confidential detective services not found by other local detective agencies in Panamá Florida. Our company employs former law enforcement personnel and investigators with an extensive background in domestic, civil and infidelity investigation services…among other cases.
All of our Panamá Detectives and Investigators offer complete discretion and confidentiality and always sign a strict confidentially agreement prior to investigating any person. Give us a try and start your investigation with our PI firm…Hire a Panamá Investigator

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